- (1871-1919)German revolu-tionary, of Polish origin. Born in Zamosc, eastern Poland, she studied at the University of Zurich. She was a leader of the Polish and Lithuanian Social Democratic Party, and sought to overthrow the czar. She became a German citizen and was one of the leaders of the militant left wing of the German party. In 1914 she helped form the Spartacus League. She was imprisoned for most of the war, and freed in 1918. She helped transform the Spartacus League into the German Communist Party. She and a fellow leader of the left, Karl Liebknecht, were arrested, and murdered by army officers when they were being taken to prison.
Dictionary of Jewish Biography. Dan Cohn-Sherbok.
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LUXEMBURG, ROSA — (1871–1919), German economist and revolutionary. Born into a family of merchants in Zamosc, Poland, Rosa Luxemburg joined the Polish revolutionary movement as a schoolgirl in Warsaw. As a consequence of the threat of imprisonment she was forced… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
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Luxemburg, Rosa — (1870 1919) socialist politician and theorist; the only woman in pre World War I socialist politics to attain a stature comparable to that of Jean Jaurès, Viktor Adler, August Bebel, and Karl Kautsky. She was born in the Polish village of… … Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik
Luxemburg, Rosa — (1871–1919) One of the leading Marxists of the 20th century, Rosa Luxemburg exerted great influence within the socialist movement during her life, and her ideas and political actions have continued to inspire Marxists and shape Marxism long… … Historical dictionary of Marxism
Luxemburg,Rosa — Lux·em·burg (lŭkʹsəm bûrg , lo͝okʹsəm bo͝ork ), Rosa. 1870 1919. German socialist leader who cofounded (1918) the Spartacus Party, which became the German Communist Party. She was arrested after the Sparticist uprising in 1919 and subsequently… … Universalium
Luxemburg, Rosa — (1871–1919) Polish German revolutionary. The daughter of a Polish Jewish merchant, Rosa Luxemburg was physically a cripple and barely five feet tall, but had great energy and a fiery personality. After studying in Switzerland, she became a… … Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament
Luxemburg, Rosa — (1871 1919) Though born in Poland, Luxemburg is best known as a leading theorist and political leader in the German working class movement. She vigorously opposed the revisionist current in the German Social Democratic Party, and was imprisoned… … Dictionary of sociology
Luxemburg, Rosa — ► (1871 1919) Escritora y revolucionaria alemana. Fundó con Karl Liebknecht la Liga Espartaquista y fue uno de los dirigentes de la Internacional Socialista … Enciclopedia Universal
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